Virginia has codified driver liability for personal injury and/or wrongful death of a guest passenger. “Any person transported by the owner or operator of a motor vehicle as a guest without payment for such transportation and any personal representatives of any such guest so transported shall be entitled to recover damages against such owner or operator for death or injuries to the person or property of such guest resulting from the negligent operation of such motor vehicle.” Va. Code Ann. §8.01-63.
However, the Virginia statute does not render a negligent driver absolutely liable for death or injury to his guest passenger in a vehicle accident. §8.01-63 “does not limit any defense otherwise available to the owner or operator”. Id.